FAQ about Epilepsy

  • Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain, in which a patient gets recurrent fits/seizures or convulsions.
  • There is a normal pattern of electrical activity in the brain, which controls our functions through electrical signals.
  • If there is a disturbance to this flow of electrical activity it results in abnormal movements or behavior, called as SEIZURES.


  • Idiopathic
  • Genetically inherited.
  • Brain tumors
  • Infections of central nervous system like viral/ bacterial meningitis, encephalitis, Neuro cysticercosis, Tuberculoma, cerebral Malaria.
  • Congenital malformations like AVM.


  • Epilepsy is a temporary disorder in a normal functioning brain
  • Epilepsy is not a mental illness and NOT a sign of low intellect.
  • A person with epilepsy is no different from anyone else.


  • Seizures may present in several ways depending on the part of the brain involved and the person’s age
  • The most common type (60%) of seizures is convulsive.
  • Of these, one-third begins as generalized seizures from the start, affecting both hemispheres of the brain.
  • Two-thirds begin as partial seizures (which affect one hemisphere of the brain) which may then progress to generalized seizures.
  • The remaining 40% of seizures are non-convulsive. An example of this type is the absence seizure, which presents as a decreased level of consciousness and usually lasts about 10 seconds.
  • Partial seizures are often preceded by certain experiences, known as auras. They include sensory (visual, hearing, or smell), psychic, autonomic and motor phenomena.
  • There are six main types of generalized seizures: tonic-clonic, tonic, clonic, myoclonic, absence, and atonic seizures.
  • They all involve loss of consciousness and typically happen without warning.